Globally, one third of the world’s population is infected with the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). Each year, over nine million people develop an active form of the respiratory disease, which is highly contagious and can be fatal. Even though the disease is curable and its spread is preventable, approximately 1.5 million people die from TB worldwide annually.
TB is also a social illness that involves deep emotional experiences, alienation from family members, isolation and stigmatization. TB is a public health concern, particularly in developing countries’ most vulnerable populations. In 2010, over 18,000 TB cases were reported in Mexico; 20% are individuals with Diabetes and 5.9% are co-infected with HIV/AIDS. Through our SOLUCION TB program, PCI is working with Mexican public health agencies and other partners to reduce the number of people who get TB or die from this disease. Our programs have been focused within 13 priority states across Mexico, which together account for 65% of the TB cases worldwide.
|“A new day of hope. One more day to give thanks to God. I think in a positive way to go on with my life. When I was sick, I felt in the dark. Now I see the light, and I am beating tuberculosis.”- Jesus|
PCI-trained health providers are connecting directly with people in their own homes and communities to ensure early diagnoses of TB, to encourage those with the disease to stay committed to their treatment, and to significantly increase those who are cured. In addition, health workers provide a wide array of support and information to those affected and their families. PCI has built a reputation for its unique approach to TB, which involves strengthening the overall system for TB prevention and control at local, state, and national levels, and promoting a person-centered model.
SOLUCION TB began a co-morbidities program in 2010 aimed at TB prevention through constant observation and control of TB, HIV/AIDS and Diabetes in Mexico. This two-year program has assisted in TB case detection and treatment success in Mexico through a collaborative model where the person affected with HIV/AIDS, TB or Diabetes is at the center of care. Once diagnosed, the individual is educated on the other diseases and those at risk are tested for the appropriate disease. If diagnosed, they are enrolled into treatment by the appropriate program. The goal of the program is to improve care and treatment for individuals diagnosed with HIV/AIDS-TB and Diabetes-TB throughout Mexico. In 2011, PCI’s efforts in Mexico reached nearly 200,000 people affected by TB, HIV or diabetes. And testing for HIV increased from 20% to 82% among people affected by TB.